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# Excel Count Functions

## Excel Count Functions

Examples show how to count Excel cells with numbers, text, blanks, or cells that contain specific words or other criteria.

## Count Cells with Numbers — Excel COUNT

The COUNT function will count cells that contain numbers. Its syntax is:
=COUNT(value1, value2,…value30).
The arguments (e.g. value1) can be cell references, or values typed into the COUNT formula.

The following COUNT function example uses one argument — a reference to cells A1:A5.

1. Enter the sample data on your worksheet
2. In cell A7, enter an COUNT formula, to count the numbers in column A:   =COUNT(A1:A5) 1. Press the Enter key, to complete the formula.
2. The result will be 3, the number of cells that contain numbers.
Cell A1 isn’t counted, because it contains text.

Note: Since dates are stored as numbers, the COUNT function will include any cells that contain dates.

## Count Cells with Data — COUNTA

The COUNTA function will count cells that are not empty. Its syntax is:
=COUNTA(value1, value2,…value30).
The arguments (e.g. value1) can be cell references, or values typed into the formula. The following example uses one argument — a reference to cells A1:A5.

1. Enter the sample data on your worksheet
2. In cell A7, enter a COUNTA formula, to count the numbers in column A:   =COUNTA(A1:A5) 1. Press the Enter key, to complete the formula.
2. The result will be 4, the number of cells that contain data.

Note: COUNTA will count cells with formulas — including those that look empty, because they evaluate to “”, e.g. =IF(B2=””,””,B2). It will also count cells which had formulas that evaluated to “”, but then were converted to values (Edit | Paste Special, Values). You can see apostrophes in those “non-blank” converted cells, if you add a check mark to Tools | Options, Transition tab, “Transition navigation keys.”

(COUNT, COUNTA, COUNTBLANK)

## Count Blank Cells — COUNTBLANK

The COUNTBLANK function will count cells that are empty. Its syntax is:
=COUNTBLANK(range).
The following example uses a reference to cells A1:A5.

1. Enter the sample data on your worksheet
2. In cell A7, enter a COUNTBLANK formula, to count the numbers in column A:   =COUNTBLANK(A1:A5) 1. Press the Enter key, to complete the formula.
2. The result will be 1, the number of empty cells.

Note: COUNTBLANK will count cells with formulas — including those that look empty, because they evaluate to “”, e.g. =IF(B2=””,””,B2). It will also count cells which had formulas that evaluated to “”, but then were converted to values (Edit | Paste Special, Values). You can see apostrophes in those “non-blank” converted cells, if you add a check mark to Tools | Options, Transition tab, “Transition navigation keys.”(COUNT, COUNTA, COUNTBLANK)

## Count cells that match criteria — COUNTIF

Match criterion exactly

In Excel, count cells that meet a specific criterion. In this example only the Pen orders will be counted.

1. Select the cell in which you want to see the count (cell A12 in this example)
2. Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
3. Type:   COUNTIF(
4. Select the cells that contain the values to check for the criterion. In this example, cells A1:A10 will be checked
5. Type a comma, to separate the arguments
6. Type the criterion. In this example, you’re checking for text, so type the word in double quotes:   “Pen”
Note: upper and lower case are treated equally
7. Type a closing bracket
The completed formula is: =COUNTIF(A1:A10,”Pen”) 1. Press the Enter key to complete the entry
2. The result will be 4, the number of cells that contain “Pen”

## Count Cells that Match Text

How to use the COUNTIF function to count cells that contain a specific string of text, such as “Pen”.

How many orders were placed for any kind of pen, such as “Gel Pen”, “Pen” or even a “Pencil”?

Match criterion in a string

In Excel, count cells that contain a criterion as part of the cell’s contents. In this example all Pen, Gel Pen, and Pencil orders will be counted, because they contain the string “pen”.

1. Select the cell in which you want to see the count (cell A12 in this example)
2. Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
3. Type:   COUNTIF(
4. Select the cells that contain the values to check for the criterion. In this example, cells A1:A10 will be checked
5. Type a comma, to separate the arguments
6. Type the criterion. In this example, you’re checking for text, so type the word in double quotes, with one or more asterisk (*) wildcard characters:   “*Pen*”
Note: upper and lower case are treated equally
7. Type a closing bracket
The completed formula is: =COUNTIF(A1:A10,”*Pen*”) 1. Press the Enter key to complete the entry
2. The result will be 6, the number of cells that contain the string, “Pen” Note: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can refer to a cell. For example, the formula in step 7 above could be changed to:
=COUNTIF(A1:A10,”*” & B12 & “*”)
if cell B12 contained the text — pen.

Criterion and operator

You can use an operator with a criterion. In this example only the rows where the quantity is greater than or equal to ten will be counted.

1. Select the cell in which you want to see the count (cell A12 in this example)
2. Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
3. Type:   COUNTIF(
4. Select the cells that contain the values to check for the criterion. In this example, cells B1:B10 will be checked
5. Type a comma, to separate the arguments
6. Type the criterion. In this example, you’re checking for rows where the quantity is greater than or equal to 10. The >= operator is used before the number, and the entire criterion is enclosed in double quotes: “>=10”
Note: Even though this is a numerical criterion, it must enclosed in double quote marks.
7. Type a closing bracket
8. The completed formula is:
=COUNTIF(B1:B10,”>=10″)
9. Press the Enter key to complete the entry
10. Note: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can refer to a cell. For example, the formula in step 8 above could be changed to:
=COUNTIF(B1:B10,”>=” & B12)
if cell B12 contained the number — 10.

Or, you could use a function as part of the criterion. For example:
=COUNTIF(A1:A10,”<“&TODAY())

## Use COUNTIF With an Operator

Steps for using the COUNTIF function to count the number of items in a list that are over or under a specific amount.

Match criteria in a range

You can combine COUNTIF formulas, to count rows that are within a range of values. In this example, the formula will count rows where the quantity is between 5 and 10 (inclusive).

1. Select the cell in which you want to see the count (cell A12 in this example)
2. Type a formula to count rows greater than or equal to 5:
=COUNTIF(B1:B10,”>=5″)
3. Type a minus sign
4. Type a formula to count rows greater than 10:
COUNTIF(B1:B10,”>10″)
5. The completed formula is:
=COUNTIF(B1:B10,”>=5″)COUNTIF(B1:B10,”>10″)
6. Press the Enter key to complete the entry
7. Note: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can refer to a cell. For example, the formula in step 8 above could be changed to:
=COUNTIF(B1:B10,”>=” & B12)
COUNTIF(B1:B10,”>” & C12)
if cell B12 contained the number — 5 and cell C12 contained the number — 10.

## Change Operator for COUNTIF Function

Instead of typing the operator into the COUNTIF formula, as shown above, you can create a list of all possible operators, and select one from a drop down list. Then, refer to that operator in the formula.

### Create a Drop Down List of Operators

To create a drop down list operators:

1. On a different sheet in the workbook, type a list of operators in a column.
2. Select the cells in the list, and name that list as OpList. 1. On the main sheet, select the cell where you want the drop down list.
2. Use the data validation command to create the drop down list, based on the named range — OpList ### Use the Drop Down List

Change your COUNTIF formula, to replace the typed operator with a reference to the cell with the drop down list. Select one of the operators, from the drop down list, and the formula result will change.

## COUNTIFS

How to use the COUNTIFS function to count cells based on multiple criteria.

## False Duplicates With COUNTIF

Be careful when using COUNTIF, because it matches numbers, with text that looks like numbers, and that could result in false counts.

For example, if you have a text entry — “00123” — it would be counted as a duplicate for the number — 123.

=COUNTIF(\$B\$2:\$B\$10,B2))>1

If your data could contain entries like that, use SUMPRODUCT, instead of COUNTIF.

=SUMPRODUCT(–(\$B\$2:\$B\$10=B2))>1 ## Count cells that match multiple criteria — COUNTIFS

### Match multiple criteria

In Exce 2007 and later versions, you can use the COUNTIFS function to count rows that meet two or more criteria. In this example only the rows where the item is “Pen” and the quantity is greater than or equal to ten will be counted.

1. Select the cell in which you want to see the total
2. Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
3. Type:   COUNTIFS(
4. Select the cells that contain the values to check for the first criterion. In this example, cells A2:A10 will be checked
5. Type a comma, and the first criterion:   “Pen”
Note: Because this is a text criterion, it is enclosed in double quote marks.
6. To start the next set of criteria, type a comma
7. Select the cells that contain the values to check for the second criterion. In this example, cells B2:B10 will be checked
8. Type a comma, and the second criterion:  “>=10
Note: Because this criterion includes operators, it is enclosed in double quote marks. To count rows where the quantity is equal to 10, only the number 10 would be required.
9. Finish with a closing bracket: )
10. The completed formula is shown below.
11. Press the Enter key to complete the entry Note: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can refer to a cell, as shown in the second formula below. If using operators, enclose them in double quote marks.

Use typed criteria:

=COUNTIFS(A2:A10,”Pen”,B2:B10,”>=10″)

or cell references:

=COUNTIFS(A2:A10,D3,B2:B10,”>=” & E3)

## Count cells that match multiple criteria — SUMPRODUCT

### Match multiple criteria

In Excel, count rows that meet two or more criteria. In this example only the rows where the item is “Pen” and the quantity is greater than or equal to ten will be counted.

1. Select the cell in which you want to see the total
2. Type an equal sign (=) to start the formula
3. Type:   SUMPRODUCT(–(
4. Select the cells that contain the values to check for the first criterion. In this example, cells A2:A10 will be checked
5. Type the first criterion:   =”Pen”
Note: Because this is a text criterion, it is enclosed in double quote marks.
6. Type ),–(
7. Select the cells that contain the values to check for the second criterion. In this example, cells B2:B10 will be checked
8. Type the second criterion:   >=10
Note: Because this is a numerical criterion, it isn’t enclosed in double quote marks.
9. Finish with closing brackets: ))
10. The completed formula is shown below.
11. Press the Enter key to complete the entry
12. Note: Instead of typing the criterion in a formula, you can refer to a cell, as shown in the second formula below

Use typed criteria:

=SUMPRODUCT(–(A2:A10=”Pen”),–(B2:B10>=10))

or cell references:

=SUMPRODUCT(–(A2:A10=D2),–(B2:B10>=E2))

## Count Rows in a Filtered List — SUBTOTAL

After you filter the rows in a list, you can use the SUBTOTAL function to count the visible rows.

1. Apply an AutoFilter to the table.
2. Filter at least one of the columns in the table. In this example, the first column has been filtered for Binders.
3. Select the cell immediately below the column you want to sum.
4. Click the AutoSum button on the Excel’s Standard toolbar.
• If you want the SUBTOTAL function in a cell other than the one directly below the filtered list, you can type the formula, instead of using the AutoSum button.
5. A SUBTOTAL formula will be automatically inserted, totalling the visible cells in the column
• The first argument in the SUBTOTAL function is a function number, that specifies how the numbers should be calculated. The default is 9, which tells Excel to SUM the numbers.
• Other function numbers can be used, such as 1 for AVERAGE, and 3 for COUNTA. Look in Excel’s Help for a complete list.
6. To Count all the non-empty cells in column D, use a 3 as the first argument:
=SUBTOTAL(3,D2:D10)
7. Press the Enter key to complete the formula entry.
8. Note: In Excel 2003, you can use the formula:
=SUBTOTAL(103,D2:D10)
to subtotal rows which have been manually hidden, or filtered.

## Count Specific Items in a Filtered List

Laurent Longre created a formula that lets you work with visible rows after a filter. For information see, Power Formula Technique in this article at John Walkenbach’s web site:
http://j-walk.com/ss/excel/eee/eee001.txt

Incorporating that technique, SUMPRODUCT can be used to count visible items in a filtered table. In the following example, column D has been filtered for amounts greater than 100. The following formula will count the number of visible rows that contain “Pen” in column A. 1. From the dropdown list in cell D1, select Custom.
2. Filter for rows greater than 100.
3. In cell A12, type: Pen
4. In cell B12, enter the following formula:

=SUMPRODUCT(SUBTOTAL(3,OFFSET(A1:A10,ROW(A1:A10)
-MIN(ROW(A1:A10)),,1)), –(A1:A10=A12))

1. Press the Enter key to complete the formula entry.